- The energy sector has always had a classic problem everywhere: that is the increasing energy demand that cannot be met by a corresponding increase in the supply side. Indonesia is no exception. Generally, there are two ways to address this situation: firstly is by increasing supply, and secondly by reducing the demand for energy through energy efficiency and conservation measures. Providing greater supply means installing new energy supply facilities or expanding the existings, which will require substantial time and large investments.Energy efficiency and conservation measures, on the other hand, are typically much cheaper, quicker to implement, plus contributing in the reduction of fossil fuels consumption. The latter one, particularly, underlines the importance of energy conservation policies and measureson the demand side.
In 2007, the Government of Indonesia issued Law No. 30/2007 on Energy. The Law states that national energy management must take energy conservation (EC) into account. Furthermore, the laterly-released Presidential Regulation No. 79/2014 on the National Energy Policy (, KEN) and the Presidential Regulation No. 22/2017 on the National Energy Masterplan ( , RUEN) mandate the reduction in energy intensity by 1 percent annually during the periodeof 2015-2025. The RUEN operates with two scenarios : the Business-as-Usual (BAU) scenario, and the scenario presented in the RUEN. The latteraims for reductions in the final energy consumption in Indonesia by 2025 and 2050 of 17% and 39% respectively, compared to the BAU scenario. Apart from setting the overall goals of 17% and 39% reductions, the RUEN scenario is short on specifics. The contribution/impact of each policy to total energy savings is important for the decision maker when prioritizing policies/actions for each sector.
In order to generate more information on the contribution/impact of Indonesian energy conservation policies on total energy savings, the Danish Embassy in Jakarta through the Environmental Support Program Phase-3 (ESP3), in collaboration with the Directorate General Energy of New, Renewable Energy and Energy Conservation (DJ-EBTKE) of the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM) and the Danish Energy Agency (DEA), has funded a study by the Indonesian Institute of Energy Economics (IIEE), titled . The objective of the study has been to understand and quantify the impacts of each energy conservation program and/or action within the sectors of household, building, industry, and transportation.
Kurt Moerck Jensen, the Head of Development from the Royal Danish Embassy in Jakarta, says:
Ida Nuryatin,Director of Energy Conservation of the DJ-EBTKE says:
Cecilya Malik, IIEE senior expert says:
The launch of the results of the Danish-funded IIEE study on September 15, 2017 is organised by DJ-EBTKE and the ESP3. The event will comprise addresses from the Royal Danish Embassy in Jakarta, DJ-EBTKE, and presentations by relevant experts. It will also feature a panel discussion with representatives from important sector stakeholders. (RWS)